National Museum Of Denmark


The National Museum of Denmark (NMD) is Denmark’s largest museum of cultural history. NMD collects, conserves, researches, exhibits and presents cultural materials from Denmark’s earliest pre-history to the present. In addition to extensive international collections, NMD encompasses cultural materials from the inhabitants of the previously Danish areas of Scania, Halland, Blekinge, Schleswig, Holstein, Norway, Iceland, the Faroe Islands, Greenland and the former colony, Danish West Indies. Modern cultural heritage is found in the Modern Danish collections which reflect daily life in Denmark and include kitchen equipment, tools, Danish design furniture and clothing. The Museum specializes in scientific and interdisciplinary research, archaeology, numismatics, treasure trove, ethnography, conservation, education and loan of objects.
The National Museum of Denmark aims to make its rich collections accessible to all who are engaged in research and education in order to inspire understanding and interpretation of cultural history. In order to preserve its collections for future generations, the National Museum houses one of the largest conservation departments in Europe. Conservation and Science comprises around 80 conservation professionals, scientific researchers and support staff who have knowledge and expertise of designing and implementing active and preventive conservation strategies for modern cultural objects, painted surfaces and interiors in addition to the more traditional areas of conserving easel paintings, furniture, archaeological textiles, leather, metals, ceramics and glass, paper, photographs and waterlogged organic materials. Active conservation techniques encompass cleaning, consolidation and coating objects whilepreventive conservation involves creating microclimates for long term preservation of cultural materials.

Key Persons

Yvonne Shashoua, PhD, holds a BSc Honours in Industrial Chemistry (1984), Diploma in Paint Technology and in Management in Museums (1986, 1991), PhD at Danish Polymer Centre, Technical University of Denmark / National Museum of Denmark (2001). She is currently Senior Researcher at the The National Museum of Denmark, her main tasks involving: Developing research program focussing on degradation and conservation of synthetic materials and their composites; Initiation of independent and collaborative research projects concerning the deterioration reactions of polymeric materials in heritage and art collections; Development of spectroscopic and chromatographic techniques to quantify rate and extent of degradation of natural and synthetic polymers; Development and implementation of new active and preventive conservation techniques. Her dissemination activities include: Visiting lecturer in polymer chemistry, analysis of synthetic materials, degradation of plastics and composites and preventive conservation at The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, Schools of Architecture, Design and Conservation in Copenhagen, the University of Oslo in Norway, University of Gothenburg in Sweden, University of Gotland in Sweden and Helsinki Metropolia Institute of Applied Sciences in Finland.She is Peer reviewer for Studies in Conservation, e-conservation, Journal of Cultural Heritage, Applied Spectroscopy, Chemical Papers, Materials World, Polymer Degradation and Stability, Meddelelser om Konservering. Peer reviewer and member of Editorial Board for ICOM-CC Triennial Conference preprints since 2005. She is Member of several conservation institutions, including: International Council of Museums-Committee for Conservation (ICOM-CC), Modern Materials and Contemporary Art Working Group (MMCAWG) 1996-1999 and 2005-2008, International Network for the Conservation of Contemporary Art (INCCA), Danish Museum Association, American Association of Museums.


Isabelle Brajer holds a Master of Fine Arts in Art Conservation, Academy of Fine Arts in Krakow, Poland, 1983. Master of Fine Arts in Painting, Academy of Fine Arts in Krakow, Poland, 1977. American Academy of Art, Chicago, USA. Study period: 1971 -1973. She is Appointed Adjunct Professor – School of Conservation, Copenhagen since 2009. Currently, she works as Senior Research Conservator at the National Museum of Denmark. Her current research mainly focuses on: theoretical issues in the restoration of wall paintings, the history of wall painting conservation and restoration in Denmark, treatment methods for salt-damaged wall paintings, consolidation of poorly bound paint layers, and removal of polymer coatings. She also works in the capacity of Adjunct Professor at NMD, and has extensive experience in the dissemination and training field. She has been Coordinator of the ICOM-CC (International Council of Museums – Conservation Committee) working group Mural Paintings, Mosaics, and Rock Art. (2005-2008; 1999-2002).